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İska Sera Group
Greenhouse Irrigation Systems

Greenhouse Irrigation Systems

With our experience in the agricultural field, we offer turnkey project and application solutions for SOIL, SOIL-FREE and HYDROPONIC greenhouse systems.
With our advanced and complete product range, we help you design, implement and develop projects that will increase your productivity. As ISKA Sera; For sustainable success and maximum efficiency in all our agricultural projects, we combine all our knowledge with technology and deliver it to every corner of the world.

In order to grow good quality products in greenhouses and to get the best results, it is extremely important to create the environment where the plant will be grown with precision, to project it correctly and to apply it correctly. ISKA Sera has a global experience and equipment to provide cutting-edge greenhouse solutions suitable for different needs. In our greenhouse solutions, we develop turnkey projects that offer high quality and comprehensive solutions to ensure maximum efficiency with planning in line with the customer's budget.

We use 5 different systems as greenhouse irrigation system.

1 - Drip irrigation system
2 - Sprinkler system
3 - Fogging system
4 - Boom irrigation system
5 - Drip (root) irrigation system

Drip Irrigation System

Drip irrigation is the application of irrigation water to the soil surface or into the soil, with or without soluble fertilizer, after filtering and filtering. Undoubtedly, the pressure must be low in order for the water to be given in drops. The heart of the drip irrigation system is the drippers. Drippers are made of plastic and are mounted on pipes with a diameter of 12 to 32 centimeters called Lateral. The drippers drop the water onto the soil with a flow rate (amount) of several liters per hour.

Drip irrigation; It can be used for irrigation of economically valuable plants (such as vegetables, fruits) especially in light textured soils in regions where water is scarce (limited) and problematic (saline).

For example, it is used in greenhouse cultivation in our country, in the irrigation of some economically valuable plants in our western and southern regions, and its application area is increasing day by day.

Higher and higher quality products are obtained from the plants irrigated with the drip irrigation method. In addition, since the wetting of the plant and the wetting of the soil surface are minimal, the development of plant diseases and pests is prevented by drip irrigation.

In this method, if salty water is not added to the soil at frequent intervals, the amount of salt in the soil water does not reach excessive levels and the plants are prevented from being damaged by salt.

Sprinkler System

The system consisting of pipes with nozzles or nozzles that spray water on the soil surface in the form of fine droplets in the form of rain under a certain pressure is called the "Sprinkler Irrigation Method". In sprinkler irrigation, water is transmitted to the sprinkler heads under pressure and applied to the land surface as an artificial rain. In order to apply the method, a water transmission system consisting of main pipes and lateral lines and a system that provides pressure are required. Pressure is usually provided by the pumping unit. Sprinkler heads complete the system. Depending on the plant to be irrigated, soil and economic conditions, different types of sprinkler heads are used.

OPERATING SYSTEMS OF SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHODS

1 - Portable Systems In this system, the main pipe and laterals of the motor pump unit can be transported. This system is the most widely applied in our country,

2 - Semi-Portable Systems Motopomp unit and main pipeline are fixed, laterals are movable. Generally, the main pipeline is buried underground. This system is widely used in watering fruit and crisper,

3 - Unmovable (Fixed) Systems In this system, the motor pump, main pipe and laterals are fixed.

THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD APPLICATION

The information required by the particular design of sprinkler irrigation methods are as follows:

1 - Usable water holding capacity of soils. Plants can utilize water in the soil that is between field capacity and permanent wilting point. This amount of moisture is called the "usable water holding capacity" or "available capacity" of the soils. It varies according to the texture of the soil.

2 - Effective Root Depth of Plants: The root depth from which 80 percent of the water needed for the normal development of plants is taken is called "Effective Root Depth". This value constitutes the soil depth to be wetted in irrigation and generally varies between 30-180 centimeters depending on the plant variety.

Fogging System

It is the system used to maintain the humidity level and keep it in balance in order not to experience inefficiency due to high temperatures in the summer months of the greenhouses. Vegetables and fruits or greenhouse products need more moisture at high temperatures, and thanks to the greenhouse humidification systems without damaging the greenhouse products, the humidity balance of the environment is ensured without any trace of water in the plants.

It is the mixing of many micro water droplets with the air, these particles evaporate in the greenhouse without wetting the plant. Water can also be used in the form of mist through the sprinkler nozzle, which is placed at regular intervals all over the greenhouse.

fogging system; It can be used for humidification and cooling as well as disinfection or applications of water-soluble fertilizers.

Fogging (Humidification) Systems; By spraying the water particles with the fogging nozzle, it takes the heat of the air through evaporation and the temperature decreases up to 15 degrees. The sprayed water particles rapidly pass the water particles into the gas phase with a pressure of 100 bar and above and provide the moisture that the plants need without getting wet. The amount of water to be sprayed to lower the temperature and raise the relative humidity; It is determined by calculating the volume of the greenhouse and taking into account the highest temperature and lowest humidity according to climatic conditions.

Elements used for Greenhouse Fogging Systems;

- Circulation fans

- Ventilation and control systems

- Fogging nozzle

Greenhouse fogging systems; by providing a temperature drop as a result of evaporation by spraying water; the relative humidity rises. In this way, cool and humid air ensures that the greenhouse is kept in the desired climatic conditions thanks to the circulation fans and ventilation control systems. Greenhouse humidification systems work in the same way as open air cooling and cooling systems.

IN WHICH AREAS ARE GREENHOUSE FOGGING SYSTEMS USED?

Greenhouse fogging systems are used to eliminate all adverse weather conditions for the plant that may occur in the greenhouse. By decreasing the temperature, it creates the necessary condition for the plants, thus preventing the plants from being damaged. With this system, the variations that may occur in the climatic conditions during the day in the greenhouses are prevented. Greenhouse Fogging Systems are also a system that can be used in animal shelters and all open areas.

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